Understanding fabric is important, whether you’re making new clothes or cleaning out old ones. This is especially important if you own a piece of fabric that will last a long time. Different fabrics have different properties which can greatly influence how you care for your clothes. One example is how you clean a garment’s fiber content.
Let’s look at 12 types of fabric to help you understand the differences and reduce confusion. Keep in mind that there are hundreds upon of different types of fabric . This blog will only focus on the most popular.
Different Types of Fabric
First, fabric is a material that is made by interweaving fibers. A fabric’s name is usually the person who made it. Some fabrics may even contain a mixture of fibers. The fiber used, the fabric’s texture and production process are then referred to. Some fabrics even consider the origin of the fibers.
This is why there are two categories that can be used to distinguish the types of fabric. They are the fibers (natural vs. artificial) and the production process (woven vs. knitting).
Comparison of Natural and Synthetic Synthetic
Fabrics differ in one important way: the type of fiber used. There are two types of fiber: synthetic and natural.
Natural fibers can be made from both plants and animals. Silk comes from silkworms, while cotton is made from plants.
Synthetic fibers are entirely made of synthetic matter, which is created by man.
Woven vs. Knitted
The production process is another difference. There are two types of woven: knitted.
Two pieces of yarn are used to weave woven fabrics. The yarn is woven at a 45-degree angle so it doesn’t stretch. It is also stronger than knit fabrics. A weft is when the yarn runs across the fabric and a warp is when the yarn runs down the length the loom.
There are three types: plain weave, satin weave, and twill weave. There are many popular woven fabrics, including silk, crepe and denim.
Knit fabric can be thought of as a hand-knit Scar. The yarn is made into interconnected loops which allow it to stretch significantly. Knit fabrics are elastic and keep their shape.
There are two types: weft-knitted or warp-knitted. There are many popular knit fabrics, including lace and lycra.
Let’s now take a look at 12 types of fabric.
Chiffon is a lightweight, sheer, plain-woven fabric that is made from twisted yarn. It has a slightly rough texture. It is typically made from silk, nylon or polyester.
Chiffon is easy to dye and can be used in scarves as well as blouses and dresses. This light material is also great for prom and wedding dresses.
Cotton is the most widely used material in the world. It is a soft, light natural fabric. Ginning is a process that extracts the fluffy fiber from the seeds of the cotton plants. The fiber is spun into cloth and can then be woven or knit.
This fabric is known for its versatility, comfort, and durability. It’s hypoallergenic, breathable, and doesn’t dry quickly. You can find cotton in almost any clothing type: shirts and dresses as well as underwear. It can also wrinkle or shrink.
There are many other fabrics made from cotton, such as chino, gingham, chintz and muslin.
Crepe is a light, twisted, plain-woven fabric that has a bumpy, rough surface and doesn’t wrinkle. Crepe can be made from silk, cotton, wool, or synthetic fibers. This makes it versatile. Crepe is often called crepe silk or crepe crepe chiffon because of its fiber.
Because crepe is soft, comfortable, and easy to use, it’s often used in dressmaking and suitmaking. Georgette, a type of crepe fabric that is often used in designer clothing, is an example. Also, crepe can be used in blouses and pants as well as scarves and shirts.
Denim is another type of fabric. Denim is a woven cotton fabric that is made from white cotton stuffing yarn and entwined cotton wrap yarn. It is well-known for its vibrant texture, durability, strength, and comfort.
Indigo is used to dye denim, which is most commonly used to make blue jeans. However, it can also be used to make jackets and dresses.
Lace is a delicate, elegant fabric that is made of looped, twisted, or knitted yarn. It was originally made of silk and linen. However, lace can now be made with cotton threads, wool, or synthetic fibers. Two main components of lace are the design and the ground fabric. This holds the pattern together.
Lace is considered a luxurious textile because it requires expertise and time to make the open-weave pattern and web-like design. This soft, transparent fabric can be used to embellish clothes, particularly bridal gowns and veil, but it can also be found in shirts or nightgowns.
Leather is a special type of fabric because it is made from hides or skins of animals, such as cows, crocodiles and lambs. Leather will need different treatments depending on which animal it is. Leather is durable, wrinkle-resistant, and fashionable.
Suede is a type leather, usually made from lamb. It has the “flesh” side turned outwards and brushed to create soft, velvety surfaces. Because suede and leather keep the body warm in colder weather, they are used in many jackets, shoes, and belts.
Next is linen, which is the oldest material known to man. This fabric is made from natural fibers and comes from the flax plant. It is lighter than cotton, but it is strong. The flax strands can be spun into yarn and then mixed with other fibers.
Linen is a durable, absorbent, cool and smooth fabric. You can machine wash it, but you will need to iron it often, since it wrinkles easily. It can be used for clothing such as suits, jackets or dresses, blouses, trousers and shirts, but linen is most commonly used for drapes, tablecloths and napkins.
Satin isn’t made from fiber, unlike most other fabrics on the list. It is actually made when each strand is properly knitted. Satin is made now from cotton, wool, and silk. This luxurious fabric is shiny, elegant, and slippery on one side but matte on the opposite.
Satin is a popular choice for evening and wedding dresses, lingerie and corsets. It can also be used to make blouses and skirts. It can also be used to support other fabrics.
Silk is the world’s most luxurious and elegant natural fabric. It has a soft touch and shimmery look that makes it a popular choice. Silk is made from the silkworm’s cocoon which can be found in China and South Asia.
This fabric is hypoallergenic and durable. However, it can be difficult to clean and delicately handle. Many fabric weaves pucker or tighten when washed. It’s best to wash silk by hand or dry clean it. Satin is more expensive than lace due to the delicate and time-consuming process of turning silk threads into yarn.
Silk is used mainly in evening and wedding gowns, shirts and suits, as well as lingerie, ties, scarves and lingerie. Two of the most popular types of silk are Shantung and Kashmir silk.
Synthetics can be used to cover a variety of fabric types, including nylon, spandex, and polyester, unlike the fabrics mentioned here. Synthetic fabrics don’t shrink like delicate fabrics and are often resistant to water-based staining.
Nylon, a synthetic fiber made of polymers, is completely synthetic. Nylon is well-known for its strength, flexibility, and resilience. It is durable and can withstand wear and tear. Nylon is commonly used in outerwear such as jackets and parkas.
Polyester is a synthetic man-made fiber made from petrochemicals. Polyester is strong and durable, wrinkle- and stain-resistant and can withstand a lot of liquids. However, it isn’t breathable. It is made to remove moisture from the body. Polyester is used in most T-shirts, pants, skirts, and sportswear.
The most widely used synthetic material is spandex. It is made of polyurethane. Spandex, also known as Lycra and elastane is well-known for its lightness, strength, and flexibility. It can be blended with a variety of fiber types to create a unique blend. This flexible, form-fitting material can be found in jeans, hosiery and dresses as well as sportswear and swimwear.
The soft, luxurious velvet is another type of fabric. It has been associated with royalty because of its rich, opulent finishings and complicated production process. The shiny, heavy, woven warp pile fabric is smooth on the one side. The quality of the textile is determined by its density and how they are attached to the base fabric.
Velvet can also be made from linen, cool silk, nylon, or silk. It is flexible and elastic, so it can be made either inelastically or stretchy. Velvet is used often in blouses and shirts, as well as coats, skirts and evening wear.
The last type of fabric we have is wool. This natural fiber is made from alpaca, sheep, goat, or llama fleece. You can either knit or weave it.
Itchy and hairy wool is a common characteristic of wool. However, wool is warm and durable and can last a lifetime. It is wrinkle-free, resistant to dust, wear and tear, and also resists stains. This fabric is not cheap and must be washed by hand or dried. Wool is mostly used for sweaters, socks, and gloves.
There are four types of wool: tweed, Cheviot cloth, cashmere, Merino wool, and pashmina goats. Merino wool comes from Merino sheep.
No matter what fabric you have, Pico Cleaning will clean your clothes. Pico Cleaners is capable of cleaning all kinds of fabrics and clothes.